John Paul Cardin Jr, MD
Family Medicine & Primary Care Physicians located in Long Beach, CA
If a skin condition – such as psoriasis or eczema – is itchy, uncomfortable, or it affects your appearance, simple solutions are within reach. At his self-titled practice in Long Beach, California, primary care physician John Paul Cardin Jr., MD, treats skin disorders to help you achieve the beautiful, youthful-looking skin you deserve. Call his office to learn more or schedule an appointment online today.
Eczema/Psoriasis Q & A
What are psoriasis and eczema?
Psoriasis and eczema are similar conditions because they both cause dry, red patches of skin. However, there are some distinct differences between the two.
Psoriasis is an immune-mediated skin disease that causes raised, scaly, red patches on your scalp, face, buttocks, and other areas. If you have plaque psoriasis, which is the most common type of psoriasis, you may notice thick, itchy, red areas covered in silvery scales that can appear on your knees and elbows.
Eczema refers to inflammation of the skin that causes many of the same symptoms as psoriasis, including dry, itchy, red, or cracked skin patches. Although it can be difficult to tell which condition you have, eczema can be easily diagnosed if you experience fluid leaking from your skin.
Eczema is typically caused by genetic factors and associated with a history of hay fever, asthma, or other allergies. Although it’s commonly seen in children, you can also develop eczema from dry skin or contact with chemicals that trigger irritation.
How is psoriasis/eczema diagnosed?
Dr. Cardin may use numerous strategies to determine if you have psoriasis or eczema, such as:
- A visual exam of your skin
- Discussing your symptoms and medical history
- A skin biopsy
Dr. Cardin often differentiates between psoriasis, eczema, and other skin conditions after completing a visual exam, but he may recommend a skin biopsy to know for sure. It’s possible to have both eczema and psoriasis at the same time.
What is the treatment for psoriasis/eczema?
Treatments for psoriasis and eczema are often similar. Dr. Cardin discusses possible solutions that best match your individual needs, which may include:
- Topical cortisone for mild cases
- Immunosuppressive medications for moderate or severe cases
- Ultraviolet light or phototherapy for severe cases
If you have a secondary skin infection caused by eczema, Dr. Cardin may recommend systemic or topical antibiotics.
How can I prevent future flare-ups?
To help prevent future psoriasis, eczema flare-ups, and skin irritation, try the following strategies at home to keep your skin as healthy as possible:
- Use moisturizing ointments or creams to moisten skin
- Limit or avoid alcohol
- Drink plenty of water
- Eat a nutritious diet
- Exercise regularly
When you’re ready for eczema or psoriasis relief, call Dr. Cardin’s office or book an appointment online.